Chicago論文文獻格式指南

學術寫作技巧

常見的論文格式之一:Chicago芝加哥

芝加哥大學出版部在1906年首次出版,經過將近一世紀的增補與修訂,建立了學術論文寫作與書目格式的權威地位。內容包括書籍論文的編製、格式、出版與印刷等三部分,其中格式部分詳細說明撰寫論文過程中,應注意的細節,包括標點符號、人名和數字的寫法、引文的寫法、圖表的製作、數學公式、縮寫、以及註釋和書目的編製方法等,是撰寫論文的必要參考。另有發行節縮版,適合大學生寫作期末報告或研究生撰寫博碩士論文的需求而編寫。

chicago-manual-of-style

簡單範例
Book: Lakin, Patricia. Steve Jobs.
Journal: Davidian, M., and T. A. Louis. 2012. ‘Why Statistics?’. Science 336 (6077): 12-12. doi:10.1126/science.1218685.
Website: wiliam, Sydney Australia. 2014. ‘The Fear Of Communism In Australia, The Spread Of Communism After World War II, Australia After 1945, SOSE: History Year 9, TAS | Online Education Home Schooling Skwirk Australia’. Skwirk.Com. http://www.skwirk.com/p-c_s-56_u-490_t-1333_c-5124/the-fear-of-communism-in-australia/tas/the-fear-of-communism-in-australia/australia-after-1945/the-spread-of-communism-after-world-war-ii.

1. Dissertation

Key:

Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the Chicago style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.

Template:

Author Surname, Author Forename. Year Published. ‘Title’. Level, Institution Name.

Example:

Dávila, Nancy. 2010. ‘PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN PUERTO RICAN ADULTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS’. Graduate College, THE UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.

Template

(Author Surname Year Published)

Example

The focus of this research study was physical activity in Puerto Rican adults diagnosed
with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). The study addressed the exploration of three variables:
physical activity level, physical activity self-efficacy beliefs and outcome expectancies
(perceived physical activity benefits and barriers), and the possible associations among them (Dávila 2010)

2. Book

Key:

Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the Chicago style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.

Template:

Author Surname, Author Forename. Year Published. Title. City: Publisher.

Example:

Lakin, Patricia. Steve Jobs.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.

Template

(Author Surname Year Published)

Example

They Felt they were developing ground-breaking technology and didn’t want their project to get shelved (Lakin)

3. Conference proceeding

Key:

Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the Chicago style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.

Template:

Author Surname, Author Forename. Year Published. ‘Title’. In Publication Title, Pages Used. City: Publisher. http://Website URL.

Example:

‘Discussion Guide For The Thematic Discussion On Article 56 And Article 58 ;And On Article 54, Article 55 And Other Relevant Articles’. 2013. In Open-Ended Intergovernmental Working Group On Asset Recovery, 9-13. United Nations.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.

Template

(Author Surname Year Published)

Example

Article 53 is based on modern concepts of international relations and the rule
of law, according to which States are not only subjects of international law but also legal subjects in each other’s national legal systems. Being a subject of national law, a State has the legal capacity to bear rights and duties, including the right to initiate an action in court to claim ownership of properties or compensation for damage. Therefore, a straightforward way for a State to recover proceeds of corruption located in another State would be to file a civil action as a plaintiff in the courts of that State. (‘Discussion Guide For The Thematic Discussion On Article 56 And Article 58 ;And On Article 54, Article 55 And Other Relevant Articles’ 2013)

4.Encyclopedia article

Key:

Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the Chicago style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.

Template:

Author Surname, Author Forename. Year Published. ‘Title’. Publication Title. City: Publisher.

Example:

‘Earthquakes’. 2010. The New Encyclopaedia Britannica. Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.

Template

(Author Surname Year Published)

Example

Volume 17 (‘Earthquakes’ 2010)

5.Newspaper

Key:

Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the Chicago style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.

Template:

Author Surname, Author Forename. Year Published. ‘Title’. Publication Title. http://Website URL.

Example:

Environmental Leader,. 2014. ‘Hilton Lightstay Program Helped Save $29M In 2009′. http://www.environmentalleader.com/2010/04/21/hilton-lightstay-program-helped-save-29m-in-2009/.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.

Template

(Author Surname Year Published)

Example

“The LightStay system measures indicators across 200 operational practices including housekeeping, paper product use, food waste, chemical storage, air quality and transportation.” (Environmental Leader 2014)

6.Report

Key:

Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the Chicago style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.

Template:

Author Surname, Author Forename. Year Published. Title. Series Number. City: Publisher. http://Website URL.

Example:

Rowley,. 1998.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.

Template

(Author Surname Year Published)

Example

“..the Internet shopping experience has become a challenge for Internet retailers that need to ensure success at each stage.” (Rowley 1998)

7.Press release

Key:

Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the Chicago style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.

Template:

Title. Year Published. http://Website URL.

Example:

UN News Centre,. 2012. China Must Urgently Address Rights Violations In Tibet – UN Senior Official.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.

Template

(Title Year Published)

Example

Among the cases reported is that of a 17-year-old girl who was severely beaten and sentenced to three years in prison for distributing flyers calling for Tibet’s freedom and the return of the Dalai Lama (UN News Centre 2012)

8.Journal

Key:

Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the Chicago style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.

Template:

Author Surname, Author Forename. Year Published. ‘Title’. Publication Title Volume number (Issue number): Pages Used. doi:DOI Number.

Example:

Davidian, M., and T. A. Louis. 2012. ‘Why Statistics?’. Science 336 (6077): 12-12. doi:10.1126/science.1218685.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.

Template

(Author Surname Year Published)

Example

‘Statistics is the science of learning from data, and of measuring, controlling, and communicating uncertainty’. (Davidian and Louis 2012)

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