哈佛(Harvard)論文格式指南

學術寫作技巧

文獻列表可以幫助讀者找出原文出處,每一個出處都包含以下資訊:

  1. 作者名稱
  2. 出版年份
  3. 標題
  4. 出版城市
  5. 發行人
  6. 出版社

哈佛(Harvard Reference)論文格式論文格式遵循以下格式:

  • 姓, 名. (出版年份). 標題. 城市: 發行人, 出版社.

列表按照作者的姓並根據英文字母順序排列。如果引用同一位作者的不同資料則按照出版日期排列。

harvard referencing

 

1. Books with One Author

引用只有一位作者的書,列表排序如下:

  • Last name, First initial. (Year published). Title. Edition. (Only include the edition if it is not the first edition) City published: Publisher, Page(s).

如果這本書沒有表明是第幾版的話,則假設是初版,不需要說明。

範例: One author AND first edition:

  • Patterson, J. (2005). Maximum ride. New York: Little, Brown.

範例: One author AND NOT the first edition

  • Dahl, R. (2004). Charlie and the chocolate factory. 6th ed. New York: Knopf.

 

2. Books with Two or More Authors

當引用的書的作者多於一位時,則按照書本上的排列順序寫上即可。使用 “and”來分隔名字。

  • Last name, First initial. and Last name, First initial. (Year published). Title. City: Publisher, Page(s).

範例:

  • Desikan, S. and Ramesh, G. (2006). Software testing. Bangalore, India: Dorling Kindersley, p.156.
  • Vermaat, M., Sebok, S., Freund, S., Campbell, J. and Frydenberg, M. (2014). Discovering computers. Boston: Cengage Learning, pp.446-448.
  • Daniels, K., Patterson, G. and Dunston, Y. (2014). The ultimate student teaching guide. 2nd ed. Los Angeles: SAGE Publications, pp.145-151.
  • 注意:只有不是初版的書須要註明版本!

 

3. Print Journal Articles

標準排列如下:

  • Last name, First initial. (Year published). Article title. Journal, Volume (Issue), Page(s).

範例:

  • Ross, N. (2015). On Truth Content and False Consciousness in Adorno’s Aesthetic Theory. Philosophy Today, 59(2), pp. 269-290.
  • Dismuke, C. and Egede, L. (2015). The Impact of Cognitive, Social and Physical Limitations on Income in Community Dwelling Adults With Chronic Medical and Mental Disorders. Global Journal of Health Science, 7(5), pp. 183-195.

 

4. Blogs

標準排列如下:

  • Last name, First initial. (Year published). Post title. [Blog] Blog name. Available at: URL [Accessed Day Mo. Year].

範例:

  • Cohen, M. (2013). Re-election Is Likely for McConnell, but Not Guaranteed. [Blog] FiveThirtyEight. Available at: http://fivethirtyeight.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/07/01/re-election-is-likely-for-mcconnell-but-not-guaranteed/ [Accessed 4 Apr. 2015].

 

5. Conference Proceedings

標準排列如下:

線上發表:

  • Last name, First initial. (Conference Year). Title of Paper or Proceedings. In: Name or Title of Conference. [online] City: Publisher of the Proceedings, pages. Available at: URL [Accessed Day Mo. Year].

線下發表:

  • Last name, First initial. (Conference Year). Title of Paper or Proceedings. In: Name or Title of Conference. City: Publisher of the Proceedings, pages.

範例:

  • Palmer, L., Gover, E. and Doublet, K. (2013). Advocating for Your Tech Program. In: National Conference for Technology Teachers. [online] New York: NCTT, pp. 33-34. Available at: http://www.nctt.com/2013conference/advocatingforyourtechprogram/ [Accessed 11 Jan. 2014].
  • Fox, R. (2014). Technological Advances in Banking. In: American Finance Association Northeast Regional Conference. Hartford: AFA, p. 24.

 

6. Dissertations

標準排列如下:

  • Last name, First initial. (Year published). Dissertation title. Academic Level of the Author. Name of University, College, or Institution.

範例:

  • Shaver, W. (2013). Effects of Remediation on High-Stakes Standardized Testing. PhD. Yeshiva University.

 

7. Print Encyclopedia Articles

標準排列如下:

  • Last name, First initial. (Year published). Article title. In: Encyclopedia title, Edition. City published: Publisher, page(s).

範例:

  • Harding, E. (2010). Anteaters. In: The International Encyclopedia of Animals, 3rd ed. New York: Reference World, p. 39.

 

8. Press Releases

標準排列如下:

  • Corporate Author, (Year published). Title.

如果是在線上找到的,使用以下格式:

  • Corporate Author, (Year published). Title. [online] Available at: URL [Accessed Day Mo. Year].

範例:

  • Imagine Easy Solutions, (2015). ResearchReady Jr. Now Available For Elementary Age Students.
  • EBSCO, (2014). EBSCO adds EasyBib Citation Integration. [online] Available at: http://campustechnology.com [Accessed 11 Jan. 2015].

 

9. Reports

標準排列如下:

  • Last name, First Initial. OR Corporate Author (Year published). Title. [online] City published: Publisher, Pages used. Available at: URL [Accessed Day Mo. Year].

範例:

  • Certify, (2015). First Quarter, 2015 Business Expense Trends. [online] Portland: Certify, p.2. Available at: http://www.certify.com/CertifySpendSmartReport.aspx [Accessed 8 Apr. 2015].

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