如何撰寫醫學病例報告標題及摘要

Medical Case Report Title and Abstract Guidelines

 

醫學病例報告摘要的目的為何?

醫療及臨床病例報告之目的為記錄特殊或罕見疾病、病症及損傷之病例,這些報告不只提供了每個病例之詳細狀況,亦簡要的涵蓋了相關背景資料,並為現有的醫學文獻建立重要的附加價值。

在研究者有機會閱讀到您所撰寫的病例報告之前,他們首先會搜尋摘要目錄,以便找出與他們的醫學研究所相關的資訊,因此,將病例報告中的關鍵內容呈現於標題中,以及簡要的撰寫於摘要中,是十分重要的。以下將提供撰寫醫學病例報告的技巧及範例,以幫助您投稿至病例報告期刊。

根據欲投稿期刊的準則調整您的格式

這裡所提供的技巧適用於投稿至大部份的醫學期刊,但是,每個期刊對於內容和格式都有各自的準則,建議您可參考各期刊的 “Instructions for authors”,“Author guidelines” ,或是 “Preparing your manuscript” ,以了解相關準則。另外,閱讀不同期刊的病例報告也有助於您了解各期刊所特定的格式及風格。

病例報告期刊

有些醫學期刊會發表有限數量的病例報告,除此之外,亦有許多權威性的同儕審稿醫學期刊,專門刊登病例報告。包括: Journal of Medical Case Reports, Oxford Medical Case Reports, BJR Case Reports, and International Journal of Surgery Case Reports 。這些期刊都是您可以選擇投稿的。

病例報告標題

標題是病例報告讀者所最先閱讀到的部份,因此,標題應要能提供重要資訊、與主題高度相關,並且簡明扼要。另外,標題應要能吸引研究者和其他讀者的注意力,並同時保有可信度和說服力。

標題中建議包含之實用用語

  • 病例相關用語: presentation, unusual case, rare case, challenges, complications, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment
  • 病患相關用語: patient, adult, child, infant, adolescent, elderly, man/woman

與”文章”相關的用語,例如: case study 或是 case report 會被認為是多餘的,並且會讓讀者失去興趣,在訂定標題時應注意避免使用這些用語。

標題範例:

  • “An unusual presentation of primary small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) in an elderly woman”
  • “Challenges in the management of mycotic splenic arteriovenous fistula in a cirrhotic patient”
  • “CREST syndrome: a rare cause of chronic upper-gastrointestinal Hemorrhage in adults”
  • “Primary tuberculous dacryocystitis: two cases mimicking tumors of the lacrimal sac

病例報告摘要

摘要必須要簡明扼要、完整度高,並要能讓讀者在閱讀您的文章之前,能夠有一個全面性的概念。

摘要的結構

   1. 背景(1-2個句子)—首先,解釋為何您選擇撰寫這個病例報告,並敘述報告的創新性及臨床相關性。
Abstract graphic 1

      2.   病例呈現 (3-6個句子)—簡明扼要的說明病患的醫療及背景特徵之詳細狀況、治療處方、處理措施、或是併發症及結果。敘述內容之詳細度取決於創新程度以及病例結果。

abstract graphic 2

    3. 討論/結果 (1-2個句子)—簡單摘要臨床影響及病例涵義,並為臨床領域提供建議。強調病例中有可能涉及更廣層面涵義之部份、建議應採行的預防措施,或在未來研究中可以發展的有趣題目。

abstract 3

 醫學病例報告摘要範本

Example #1: A Case of Injury

We herein report a case of a [patient age and gender] with an unusual case of [injury]. The [injury] consisted of features typical of [common features of the injury/disease/disorder], with additional [additional features of case, if any], signifying a [diagnosis/complications]. Features of this case are discussed together with its implications, including [implications of case]. [Additional measures taken—treatment/surgery/etc.] was undertaken due to [reason for measures].

Example #2: A Case of Disease/Disorder

[Disease/disorder] is a rare condition characterized by [symptoms]. Its presentation is usually [sporadic/chronic/acute]. Usually seen in patients who are [typical demographics of patient], [disease] presentation in [this specific category of patient] is rare. Symptoms at presentation depend on [parts of body/patient’s environment]. Patients with [disease/disorder] may present with [additional major symptoms]. We herein report a rare presentation of [disease/disorder] in a [patient demographic—age/gender/race/etc.] who suffered from [corresponding symptoms or co-morbid diseases]. [Diagnostics/tests] revealed [results of tests/complication]. The patient underwent [surgery/treatment] and was given [drugs/intubation/etc.]. Recovery was [description of recovery]. In spite of a wide range of therapeutic options for the management of [disease/disorder] described in the literature, the efficacy of those available therapies is [unknown/not well established/open/etc.].

其他參考連結

“How to Compose a Journal Submission Cover Letter” (Wordvice/YouTube)

“How to Write the Best Journal Submission Cover Letter” (Wordvice)

“40 Useful Words and Phrases for Top-Notch Essays” (Oxford Royale Academy)

“100+ Strong Verbs That Will Make Your Research Writing Amazing” (Wordvice)

“Essential Academic Writing Words and Phrases” (My English Teacher.eu)

“Academic Vocabulary, Useful Phrases for Academic Writing and Research Paper Writing” (Research Gate)

 

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