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[影片]6個UC Personal Insight Questions回答技巧

Essay,線上公開課程

除了Common application之外,UC學校還要求所有的研究所申請學生回答幾個問題,讓學校能夠了解更多關於你的個性和潛力。本影片提供這幾個ESSAY的寫作切入角度。

 

本影片適合?

  • 想要申請UC學校的大一生或轉學生
  • 想要寫出具有說服力的ESSAY的人

 

本影片提供:

  • UC personal insight 題目要求整體分析
  • 6 tips for 腦力激盪主題內容與技巧與回答內容
  • 額外資訊與資源

 

影片大綱:

  1. 介紹UC’s Personal Insight Questions
  2. ESSAY中需涵蓋的元素
  3. 腦力激盪ESSAY寫作切入角度
  4. Essay dos and don’ts
  5. 寫作技巧:”showing”與”telling”範例
    想了解更多詳細申請資訊,歡迎參考University of California’s招生網站。想學習更多額外寫作資訊,歡迎參考英文部落格

 

加州大學的個人洞察力問題可用於申請加州大學所有學校。 2021-2022學年的問題與往年相同。

雖然在過去的十八個月裡,COVID急劇影響了美國的整體申請率,但加州大學(UC)學校仍然是美國最好的公立大學和學院之一。因此,加州大學的錄取競爭仍然比較激烈。

但是申請加州大學學校有一個很大的好處。那就是整個加州大學學校系統只需填寫一份申請,所以考生可以把所有的時間和精力放在打磨一份申請上,寫一篇能打動招生官的加州大學入學論文。

 

申請文件在申請加州大學過程中有多重要?

個人見解問題(Personal Insight Questions)是加州大學招生委員會對收到越來越多的申請(2016年有近20萬份新生和轉學申請)的集體回應。由於申請人數極多,沒有辦法僅根據考試成績和GPA來判斷是否錄取,因此,這些文書問題(Essays Questions)(更恰當的說法是 “Essay Prompts”)被創造出來,以區分高成績者和優秀的應試者與那些表現出非凡熱情和有引人入勝的故事的學生。因此,個人洞察力問題是你展示你是誰的機會,是你的成績和成績單,並講述你的個人故事。

這種 “整體錄取 “過程意味著你平日生活質量方面會得到考慮。這包括你利用機會的能力,你所參與的課外活動,以及其他 “元 “要素,這些要素不僅反映了你在學院和大學環境中取得成就的潛力,而且使招生人員有機會選擇反映加州大學學校價值觀的各類候選人。因此,要回答 “這些申請文書有多重要?”–答案是 “非常重要”。一些消息來源估計,這些定性元素佔錄取決定的30%之多,這意味著在你的加州大學回答這些文書題目中投入大量的思考和努力可能是十分必要的。

 

2021-2022年加州大學申請文件題目

加州大學申請允許考生一次性申請所有加州大學校園,包括8個作文提示–通常被稱為 “個人見解問題”。申請人必須從這些問題中選擇四個來回答,每個問題共有350個字的答案。選擇的問題沒有對錯之分,但在決定哪些問題最適合你的情況時,你應該考慮一些因素。在討論回答加州大學招生簡章內呈現的問題的一些技巧之前,讓我們先看看2021-2022學年的個人見解問題以及加州大學在其招生網頁上推薦的一些技巧。
1. 描述一個你的領導經驗的例子,在這個例子中,你積極地影響他人,幫助解決爭端,或在一段時間內為團體的努力做出貢獻。

Brainstorming: Leadership is not restricted to a position or title but can involve mentoring, tutoring, teaching, or taking the lead in organizing a project or even. Did you lead a team? How did your experience change your perspective on leading others? What were your responsibilities?

Potential scenarios: Have you ever resolved a problem or dispute in your school, church, or community? Do you have an important role in caring for your family? Were there any discrete experiences (such as a work or school retreat) in which your leadership abilities were crucial?

 

2. 每個人都有創造性的一面,它可以通過許多方式來表達:解決問題、原創和創新思維以及藝術上的表達,僅舉幾例。請描述你如何表達你的創造性的一面。

Brainstorming: What do you think about when you hear the word “creativity”? Do you have any creative skills that are central to your identity or life? How have you used this skill to solve a problem? What was your solution and what steps did you take to solve the problem?

Potential scenarios: Does your creativity impact your decisions inside or outside the classroom? How does your creativity play a role in your intended major or a future career? Perhaps your aspirations for art, music, or writing opened up an opportunity in a school project that led you on your current academic path.

 

3. 你認為你最大的天賦或技能是什麼?隨著時間的推移,你是如何發展和展示這種才能的?

Brainstorming: Do you have a talent or skill that you are proud of or that defines you in some way? An athletic ability; a propensity for music; an uncanny skill at math? Does the talent come naturally or have you worked hard to develop this skill or talent? Think about talents that have not been officially recognized or for which you have not received rewards but that are impressive and central to your character and story, nonetheless. Why is this talent or skill meaningful to you?

Potential Scenarios: Have you used your talent to solve a problem or meet a goal at school? Have you ever been recognized by a teacher or peer for your secret talent? Has your talent opened up opportunities for you in the world of school or work? If you have a talent that you have used in or out of school in some way and you would like to discuss the impact it has had on your life and experiences, this is a good question to choose.

 

4. 描述你如何利用一個重要的教育機會或努力克服你所面臨的教育障礙。

Brainstorming: An educational opportunity can be anything that has added value to your educational experience and better prepared you for college. If you choose to write about barriers, how did you overcome or strive to overcome them? What personal characteristics or skills did you use to overcome this challenge? How did overcoming this barrier help shape who are you today?

Potential scenarios: Perhaps you have participated in an honors or academic enrichment program or enrolled in an academy geared toward an occupation or a major. Did you take advanced courses in high school that interested you even though they were not in your main area of study? There are many elements that can serve as “opportunities” and “barriers”—too little time or resources could serve as a barrier; a special teacher, a very memorable course, or just taking the initiative to push your education could all qualify for taking advantages of opportunities.

 

5. 描述你所面臨的最重大的挑戰以及你為克服這一挑戰所採取的措施。這一挑戰是如何影響你的學術成就的?

Brainstorming: A challenge could be personal, or something you have faced in your community or school. List all of the challenges and difficulties you have faced in the past few years, both in and out of school. Why was the challenge significant? What did it take to overcome the obstacle(s) and what did you learn from the experience? Did you have support from someone else or did you handle it alone?

Potential scenarios: Challenges can include financial hardships, family illnesses or problems, difficulties with classmates or teachers, or other personal difficulties you have faced emotionally, mentally, socially, or in some other capacity that impacted your ability to achieve a goal. If you’re currently working your way through a challenge, what are you doing now, and does that affect different aspects of your life? For example, ask yourself, “How has my life changed at home, at my school, with my friends or with my family?”

 

6. 想一想激勵你的一個學術課題。描述你是如何在課堂內或課堂外進一步提高這一興趣的。

Brainstorming:  Do you have a passion for one specific academic subject area, something for which you seem to have unlimited interest? What have you done to nourish that interest? Discuss how your interest in the subject developed and describe any experience you have had inside and outside the classroom—volunteer work, internships, employment, summer programs, participation in student organizations and/or clubs. What have you have gained from your involvement?

Potential scenarios: Has your interest in the subject influenced you in choosing a major and/or future career? Have you been able to pursue coursework at a higher level in this subject (honors, AP, IB, college or university work)? Are you inspired to pursue this subject further at UC, and how might you do that? If you have been interested in a subject outside of the regular curriculum, discuss how you have been able to pursue this interest—did you go to the library, watch tutorials, find information elsewhere? How might you apply it during your undergraduate career?

 

7. 你為使你的學校或社區成為更好的地方做了什麼?

or even your home. You can define community in any way you see appropriate, but make sure you talk about your role in that community. Was there a problem that you wanted to fix in your community? If there was a problem or issue in your school, what steps did you take to resolve it? Why were you inspired to act? What did you learn from your effort? How did your actions benefit others, the wider community or both? Did you work alone or with others to initiate change in your community?

Potential scenarios: Have you ever volunteered for a social program or an extracurricular focused on making a difference? Perhaps you led a campaign to end bullying or reform a routine activity at your school. You don’t need to be the leader of a movement to be involved. Perhaps you took on more of an individual responsibility to make certain students feel more welcome at your school.

 

8. 除了在你的申請中已經分享的內容外,你認為是什麼讓你成為加州大學錄取的有力候選人而脫穎而出?

Brainstorming:  If there’s anything you the admissions committee to know about you but didn’t find a question or place in the application to write about it this is a good prompt to choose.

Potential scenarios: What have you not shared with us that will highlight a skill, talent, challenge or opportunity that you think will help us know you better? Is your experience simply so out of the ordinary that you feel it would not properly answer any of these questions? What do you feel makes you an excellent choice for UC? This is your chance to brag a little.

 

回答加州大學申請問題時應注意的因素

創造一個連貫的自我形象,不要重複信息

與通用申請論文不同的是,通用申請論文給了申請人一篇650字的個人文章,以做出一個大的、有凝聚力的個人陳述,而加州大學申請的目的是引起較小的、較短的陳述,鼓勵申請人在不重複相同信息的情況下給出重點答案。這意味著你需要保持一致性和凝聚力–牢記這些文章的 “整體 “性質–同時也要確保每個答案都能提供關於你的新信息和見解。

 

選擇 “與你對話 “的問題,讓你說明你的經歷和性格的不同方面

由於這些更短、更集中的回答,加州大學的論文會比普通申請或其他要求你把最重要的生活經歷擠進一篇文章的錄取論文感覺更自然。這種格式還允許考生選擇顯示幾個不同角度的問題–性格、個性、克服逆境的能力、個人優勢和弱點,等等。為了充分利用這些不同的問題,作者可以選擇那些要求不同類型回答的問題,這樣做是有益的。

例如,最好避免同時回答第2和第3個問題,因為它們都涉及天賦/能力。如果你同時回答這兩個問題,盡量從不同角度切入,展示你如何利用你的才能或技能完成令人印象深刻的壯舉或克服障礙。 4號和5號問題也是如此–如果你選擇4號問題,討論你如何利用一個優勢或機會,然後在5號問題中討論你克服的困難,可能會更好。盡量避免重複相同的信息,而是從多個有利的角度展示你的經驗。

 

展示,不要講述!

在寫任何類型的文章時,都要應用 “展示而非講述 “的黃金法則。作家應該努力在文字和讀者的理解或感覺之間建立一種更直接的聯繫–一種更 “客觀的關聯”。但是,這條規則理解起來比遵守起來容易得多,一大堆初學寫作的人講述一個人做了什麼或有什麼感覺與展示它。在加州大學的入學論文中,展示而不是講述或列舉尤其重要,因為你沒有很多空間來 “提供證據 “以支持你在每篇小論文中所主張的主要論點。

思考這種差異的一個好方法是思考 “總結”(講述)與 “描述”(展示)。在總結時,人們通常對情況進行概述,使用模糊的名詞和形容詞來描述事件、物體或感覺。在描述時,人們使用生動的細節,讓讀者或聽眾與情況有更直接的聯繫–細節最終為作者或演講者所說的內容提供證據,而不是用模糊或陳詞濫調的語言填補空白。

例如,如果我克服了學習障礙(提示4或5),以下是我可以寫的兩種方式。注意這兩段話的區別。

TELLING: “I have overcome an educational barrier by getting good grades despite having a learning disorder. Although it hindered my studies, my learning disorder did not stop me from doing very well on assignments and exams. I even joined a variety of clubs, such as debate club, honors society, and the track team…”
SHOWING: “My highest hurdle in life has always been my dyslexia. Imagine looking at a page of your favorite book and seeing the words written backward and upside-down. Now imagine this is every book, every page, every word on every exam. This is my experience. But through this land of backward words I have fought with a million tears and thousands of hours, studying at the library after classes, joining the debate team to improve my sight-reading, and eventually joining the school honors society, the biggest achievement of my academic life…”

 

在寫出所有問題的答案之前,先勾勒出你的答案

在構建之前為你的文章創建一個腳手架,總是能使寫作過程更加順利。為每個問題擬定一個單獨的小綱,以確定你是否真的在為相關的主題寫兩篇不同的文章,或者是重複自己的文章,而沒有在原來的基礎上增加新的信息或角度。包括最重要的內容,如事件、人物、地點、採取的行動和學到的教訓。一旦你勾勒出你的答案,比較一下,看看答案之間是否有重疊,如果有,在這個早期階段決定你是否需要削減一些細節,或者你是否可以將這些細節融合在一起並加以擴展,盡可能向招生委員會展示你最完整的形象。

 

用你的申請文件來回答加州大學的個人見解問題

因為美國大多數學校都使用通用申請論文,如果你要寫這篇錄取論文,你將寫一篇個人陳述,滿足加州大學錄取論文所需的許多要求。因此,按照以下方式編寫和準備你的文章可能會有幫助。

撰寫你的申請文件
縮短你的普通申請文件,以適應一個加州大學個人洞察力問題(如果適用的話)
撰寫另外三篇UC文章,並完成UC活動部分(比Common App活動部分要長)。
將你的UC活動列表用於Common App活動,並將你剩餘的UC文章用於Common App補充文章

 

關於加州大學招生的常見問題

Q:我應該申請所有的加州大學學校嗎?如果我不申請所有的學校,我應該如何選擇?
A:加州大學允許你點擊所有的學校。加州大學允許你只需點擊學校名稱旁邊的方框就可以申請所有的學校。如果你有足夠的財力支付每筆申請費,申請所有你感興趣的學校是一個好主意。

提前研究每所學校是決定申請哪所學校的最好方法。訪問大學招生辦公室網站,觀看YouTube上的校園參觀視頻,閱讀課程設置並對學校的教授和資源進行搜索,與在校學生和校友談論他們的大學經歷,如果可能,甚至嘗試安排校園參觀。進行研究將使你能夠分辨出。

Q:外州的學生是否更難被加州大學的學校錄取?
A:外州學生進入加州大學的途徑稍顯困難。外州學生進入加州大學學校的道路稍微困難一些。在加州大學伯克利分校,2020年秋季約有60%的新生是本州學生,而在加州大學河濱分校,88%是本州學生。州外申請者必須有3.4分或以上的GPA,並且從未獲得低於C的成績。在招生辦公室的網站上找到更多關於作為州內學生與州外學生申請之間的區別的信息。

Q:國際學生是否應該申請加入加州大學系統?
A:應該。加州大學是一個著名的學校系統,在國際上,擁有一些世界上最大和最好的研究機構,是成千上萬的國際學生的熱門選擇。雖然加州大學所有學校的學生中只有6%以上是國際學生,但國際學生仍然值得申請。

 

將你即將要提交的申請文書交給專業編輯進行校對和編修潤稿

在向任何學院或大學提交你的重要論文草稿之前,接受專業招生論文編輯的語言編輯是個好主意。 Wordvice的留學文件編修服務可以提高你的申請文件表述的流暢性和影響力,無論你申請的是什麼學校或項目。此外,Wordvice還修改推薦信、學術簡歷、簡歷以及所有申請學校或專業職位的專業標准文件。

祝所有未來的學院和大學學生在這個季節寫出你的加州大學申請文書! 請訪問下面的資源,了解更多關於撰寫留學文書和學術論文的詳細文章和影片。

 

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