英文形容詞(Adjectives)順序你寫對了嗎?

英文寫作

How to Order Adjectives 101

形容詞

形容詞就是用來形容名詞的單字,它們提供關於人、事、地和物的額外訊息。例如:

The large man sitting beside me called for the flight attendant. The flight attendant was very attentive and polite.

善用形容詞能使句子更加生動,來比較下方兩個句子就知道了:

The birds flew out of the window and into the sky.

vs.

The little black birds flew out the window and into the bright blue sky.

因為第二句提供更多更詳細的資訊,所以在閱讀時能想像出更具體的景象。

英文形容詞順序

當同一句中出現多個形容詞時,請依照下方的順序將其排列:

  1. Quantity (how many of it): Few, several, many, five, 100, etc.
  2. Opinion (the value of the noun): Exquisite, charming, ugly, difficult, easy, friendly, etc.
  3. Size: Big, small, short, tall, etc.
  4. Condition/ State: Dry, wet, hungry, shiny, cracked, slippery, etc.
  5. Age:  Young, old, 10-years-old, new, etc.
  6. Shape: Round, obtuse, square, triangular, etc.
  7. Color: Red, blue, green, etc.
  8. Pattern (the pattern or design it was made with): Checkered, spotted, plaid, etc.
  9. Origin (where it is from): American, African, Asian, European, Martian, etc.
  10. Material (what it is made of): Glass, wood, plastic, concrete, etc.
  11. Purpose (what it is used for): Shopping, training, walking, etc.

利用逗號和連接詞來連接形容詞

當兩個以上的同類別形容詞出現時,善用逗號和連接詞像是and 來連接這些位置可互換的形容詞。例如:

The man in the red and yellow shirt was waiting outside the door.

She was a lively and carefree person.

There was a cold, hungry look in his eyes.

同樣類別的形容詞中間的逗號當然也可以刪除,但這可以會改變原意,例如:

“There was a cold, hungry look in his eyes.”

有逗號時的意思是: He had a cold look in his eyes, and he had a hungry look in his eyes.

沒有逗號時的意思是: He had a hungry look that was cold.

在英文文法中使用逗號要格外小心。

 

 

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